lawyer


lawyer
lawyer, counselor, barrister, counsel, advocate, attorney, solicitor
Lawyer is the general term designating a person versed in the principles of law and authorized to practice law in the courts or to serve clients in the capacity of legal agent or adviser. Counselor, barrister, counsel, and advocate name a lawyer who has acquired the right to plead causes in open court or whose specialty is conducting and arguing court cases.
Counselor is the usual designation in the United States for a lawyer who accepts court cases and gives advice on legal problems.
The corresponding British term is barrister, with, however, special emphasis on court pleading.
Counsel may be used as the equivalent of counselor; it, but not counselor, is also used collectively
{

a brilliant array of counsel

}
Advocate is in its implications the equivalent of barrister and counselor, but it is used as a designation in countries (as Scotland) in which the legal system is based on Roman law and in a few special courts. Attorney and solicitor are applied chiefly to a lawyer who serves as a legal agent for clients, transacting their business in specific courts (as probate court). Other powers vary with the law of the state or country.
Attorney is often used in the United States as equivalent to lawyer, but the term may be used more precisely to denote a legal agent who acts for a client (as in conveying property, settling wills, or defending or prosecuting a case in court)
{

the attorney for the executors of the will

}
{

the State's attorney

}
In England, the term attorney has been supplanted by solicitor, with, however, emphasis on the transaction of legal business for a client and the preparation of cases for trial as distinct from actual court pleading.

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • lawyer — law‧yer [ˈlɔːjə ǁ ˈlɒːjər] noun [countable] LAW someone whose job is to give legal advice, write formal agreements, and represent people in courts compare barrister, solicitor * * * lawyer UK US /ˈlɔɪər/ noun [C] (US also …   Financial and business terms

  • Lawyer — law·yer / lȯ yər/ n: one whose profession is to advise clients as to legal rights and obligations and to represent clients in legal proceedings Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. lawyer …   Law dictionary

  • lawyer — law·yer / lȯ yər/ n: one whose profession is to advise clients as to legal rights and obligations and to represent clients in legal proceedings Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. lawyer …   Law dictionary

  • lawyer —    Lawyer is not normally used as a professional title in standard English, but the city attorney in The Liberation of Lord Byron Jones, by Jesse Hill Ford, is always referred to by the townspeople as ‘Lawyer Hedgepath’, and addressed in that way …   A dictionary of epithets and terms of address

  • lawyer — [lô′yər] n. [ME lawyere: see LAW & IER] a person who has been trained in the law, esp. one whose profession is advising others in matters of law or representing them in lawsuits vi. to work as a lawyer lawyerly adj. SYN. LAWYER is the general… …   English World dictionary

  • Lawyer — Law yer, n. [From {Law}, like bowyer, fr. bow.] 1. One versed in the laws, or a practitioner of law; one whose profession is to conduct lawsuits for clients, or to advise as to prosecution or defence of lawsuits, or as to legal rights and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lawyer — (engl., spr. laojer, von law, »Gesetz, Recht«), Rechtskundiger, namentlich Sachwalter, Advokat …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lawyer — (engl., spr. lahjĕr), Sachwalter, Rechtsanwalt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • lawyer — late 14c. (mid 14c. as a surname), from M.E. lawe law (see LAW (Cf. law)) + iere. Spelling with y first attested 1610s (see YER (Cf. yer)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • lawyer — [n] person who is trained to counsel or argue in cases of law advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, counsel, counsellor, counselor, defender, jurisprudent, jurist, legal adviser, legal eagle*, legist, member of the bar, mouthpiece*,… …   New thesaurus


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